In 1961, India became the first nation in the world to acquire an aircraft carrier. The country’s first aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, was purchased from the British. It played a role during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. During the conflict, the ship was used to block Pakistan’s shipping lanes. The Indian Navy has maintained carrier-based task forces since the country’s independence. These include destroyers, submarines, frigates and other support ships. However, these forces have always been accompanied by foreign aircraft and aircraft carriers.
The construction of the country’s first indigenous aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, marked a milestone in the country’s development. It will join a select group of nations that have built their own carriers. On September 2, Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the ship, which was built at the Cochin Shipyard. It was designed by the Indian Navy’s Warship Design Bureau. The ship, which is expected to be fully operational in about 18 months, will be able to carry 30 aircraft and supply the Indian Navy with a variety of weapons. It will also become the most expensive military equipment in the country. The construction of the ship, part of Modi’s campaign to make the country’s defense manufacturing industry self-sufficient, has given the navy an edge over its neighbour.
threat from china
For the first time in its history, India now faces a significant maritime threat from China. The country’s new aircraft carrier will need to be protected against various threats, but its benefits outweigh these risks. The construction of the new aircraft carrier was an important step in the development of the country. It will allow the Indian Navy to operate at a significant distance from its shores. And the construction of the new aircraft carrier was an important step in the development of the country. It will allow the navy to protect its maritime domain against China’s growing naval power. The country’s navy believes it needs more aircraft carriers to maintain its dominance in the Indian Ocean.
The construction of the new ship was carried out in response to the nation’s naval power needs. However, some of its drawbacks include the technological advancements that have occurred in the area of surveillance and reconnaissance. One of the main drawbacks of building the new ship is that it will not be able to bridge the gap between the Indian Navy and Chinese naval capabilities. The People’s Liberation Army Navy has a large fleet that includes more than 350 ships and submarines.
China launched its first aircraft carrier in 2012 and has since greatly improved its capabilities. Its third aircraft carrier, which is currently undergoing sea trials, is also expected to launch in the near future. Its growing number of nuclear and conventional submarines poses a significant threat to the country’s naval forces. Its anti-ship missiles can easily target aircraft carriers. Despite the various drawbacks of building the new vessel, the Indian Navy has a compelling reason to deploy it to the Indian Ocean. First, a powerful and mobile aircraft carrier is needed to effectively challenge Chinese naval forces in the Indian Ocean. Having a properly defended carrier task force could also help interdict Chinese ships in the region.
In response to China’s growing naval power, the Indian Navy has stressed the importance of preventing the country’s ships from moving on major shipping routes. The naval strategy of using maritime lines of communication to punish China has been supported by aircraft carrier task forces. And the presence of the Indian Navy’s air forces in the Indian Ocean could reset the psychological advantage China has gained by projecting its presence in the region. Although the Chinese Navy is expected to establish a fleet in the region in the near future, it will take a long time to establish its presence in the region due to its geographical position.
The navy has a grace period to develop the capabilities needed to effectively challenge Chinese naval forces in the Indian Ocean. Since its carriers can project power deep into the region, India can make the Chinese Navy vulnerable by deploying sea interdiction platforms and deploying ranged weapons in the region. This projection will also strengthen India’s determination to safeguard its interests in the northern Indian Ocean. The Indian Navy has long to develop the capabilities needed to effectively challenge Chinese naval forces in the Indian Ocean due to the potential of the country’s aircraft carriers to project power deep into the region.
The growing number of Indian Navy vessels in the Indian Ocean will also strengthen the country’s commitment to the security of the Quad, which includes the United States, China and Japan. As part of its grand strategy, the United States must increase its naval forces in the region. If the Quad eventually becomes a military alliance, New Delhi will most likely play an important role in the region.
Through this projection, India has significant leverage over the United States, which it can use to seek more assistance in the development of its third aircraft carrier. The two countries can also work together on various projects related to their strategic interests. For example, they can jointly develop nuclear propulsion and fighter aircraft. INS Vikrant, which is India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier, will have foreign-made components, such as its engines and propellers. The country’s navy has shown great interest in acquiring fighter jets from the United States or France. These two countries are known to supply the Navy with several types of aircraft, such as French F-18s and F-16s. India’s only operational carrier is currently equipped with outdated MiG-29K jets, which are manufactured by Russia. Despite the country’s growing naval power, its indigenous production capabilities remain a pipe dream. Until the country can close significant manufacturing and supply gaps, its naval capabilities will remain a challenge.
The last time India significantly expanded its naval capabilities was in the 1980s when it launched two aircraft carriers. Tensions between the country and the Soviet Union and United States naval objectives also contributed to the development of a negative mood among regional players.
While the growing presence of Chinese naval forces in the Indian Ocean has provided the country with the necessary justification to develop effective deterrence capabilities. Although the United States and its Indian Ocean partners should provide the country with increased support to develop its indigenous defense capabilities. This will allow it to reduce its dependence on Russian equipment. The United States can start by working with India on its third aircraft carrier.
Vaibhav Tomar is research assistant