How US Navy ‘Cockpit Choreographers’ Keep Aircraft Carriers Running

Aviation Boatswain’s Mate (Handling) 3rd Class Bryan Labrador and Aviation Boatswain’s Mate (Handling) 3rd Class Ralph Swan direct a plane onto a catapult aboard the USS Nimitz, May 5, 2014.US Navy/MCS3 Siobhana R. McEwen

  • Aboard US Navy aircraft carriers, a close-knit group of men and women ensures the continuity of air operations.

  • Aviation Boatswains (Handling) are responsible for the handling and maneuvering of aircraft and the safety of all personnel.

  • This is how “yellow shirts” earn their colors.

Cockpit operations on an aircraft carrier have been compared to a ballet. Anyone who has the opportunity to observe flight deck operations on an aircraft carrier will instantly notice the assortment of colors worn by personnel to specify their work.

After observing the operation of the cockpit for a moment, it is clear that only one jersey color is in charge of the big dance: yellow.

Aviation Crewsmen (Handling), commonly referred to as Yellow Shirts, who work on the flight deck of the USS Nimitz aircraft carrier are directly responsible for the handling and maneuvering of aircraft as well as the safety of all personnel during flight operations. Any error or lack of judgment can cause damage to equipment or injury to personnel in the cockpit.

“At first being a yellow shirt was scary, but now that I have some confidence, I would say there’s a sense of pride,” said Melanie Cluck, Aviation Boatswain’s Mate (Handling) 3rd Class, of Palm Springs, Calif. “On the flight deck, we are not only responsible for directing planes, but also for directing people. Normally, anyone who needs advice on the flight deck is looking for a yellow shirt. The safety of everything the staff on deck are also a big part of our job.. So we don’t just need to know our job, but everyone else’s.”

Navy Aviation Boatswains Mate Nimitz Tractor Jet Carrier

Aviation Boatswain’s Mate (Handling) 3rd Class Koren Forland operates a tow tractor aboard the USS Nimitz, Aug. 23, 2016.US Navy/MCS3 Samuel Bacon

Before donning the sought-after yellow jersey, ABH wear blue jerseys to indicate that they are currently in a more junior status.

These sailors are normally newer airmen who have not yet acquired all the necessary qualifications. Their primary responsibilities during flight operations include rigging and chaining, driving elevators, and driving tractors.

“Being a blueshirt is hard work, but it makes you tough,” said Airman Michael Lothrop of Atlanta. “It’s hot out there right now, and we’re working long days, but you need to be alert at all times and ready to get the job done whenever you need to.”

Blueshirts are normally covered in grease and always carrying something heavy, be it a chain, a tractor bar or a chock. They play an important role in maneuvering aircraft on the flight deck, as they do most of the hands-on work.

Navy aviation boatswains mate firehose aircraft carrier Eisenhower

Aviation Boatswain’s Mate (Handling) 1st Class John Bloomberg assists Airman John Blank during firefighting drills aboard the USS Dwight D. Eisenhower, March 11, 2012.US Navy/Seaman Logan Meyer

While wearing blue, they learn the ins and outs of proper aircraft steering, which helps lay the foundation for a high-performance yellow shirt. Since the job requires exacting attention to detail and an extreme amount of knowledge to perform well, the training and number of hours a sailor must put in to become a yellowshirt is impressive.

“There are two main qualifications you get as a blueshirt, but from there it’s all about whether your chain of command sees you have the initiative to take a yellowshirt,” Cluck said.

The qualifications required are those of cockpit observer, steering and handling in addition to any qualifications that sailors must obtain when reporting to Nimitz.

Qualification requirements take approximately 12 weeks. After achieving the required qualifications, sailors take a written and oral test administered by the Flight Deck Chief Petty Officer (LPO), Assistant LPO and any other qualified yellow shirt chief petty officers or class chief petty officers who decide to attend it.

Navy Aviation Boatswains Mate Nimitz Tractor Aircraft Carrier

Aviation Boatswain’s Mate (Handling) 1st Class Cameron Fisher directs an aircraft aboard the USS Nimitz, June 13, 2013.US Navy/MCS2 Devin Wray

Once a sailor is granted the right to wear the color yellow on the flight deck, they will enter Under Inspection (UI) status. This means they need an experienced yellow shirt to help them become an expert in their new job on the flight deck.

“It’s on a case-by-case basis over how long the UI process takes,” Cluck said. “The process is just there to make sure you fully understand what you’re doing on the flight deck. It’s a lot of work, to say the least, but it helps you build your character. The point of the process is just to build you up to be the super yellow shirt you were meant to be.”

A UI yellow shirt always comes with a seasoned mentor who watches every signal and decision they make to ensure they learn the process.

Yellow shirts must communicate with pilots and other personnel working on the flight deck with hand signals to move planes onto catapults and out of the landing area safely.

aircraft carrier

Chief Aviation Boatswain’s Mate (Handling) Jackie Valasco watches as Aviation Boatswain’s Mate (Handling) 3rd Class Madeline Bettincourt signals a C-2A aboard the USS Ronald Reagan, June 15, 2014.US Navy Photo

“You have to be able to really control your plane and understand the pilot,” Cluck said. “It’s an instinct that you develop during your training, if you feel like you need to slow the plane down, you can, and you start to learn when exactly to turn it. We have hundreds of hand signals that we can use to take control of the plane.planes on the deck.People sitting in the pilot seats are officers so you must be professional and every move you make must be sharp and precise to avoid accidents.

The working environment of a yellow shirt is unlike any other on the ship. The yellow shirt locker, or crew area, is located on the flight deck of Nimitz. A tight-knit group of men and women who spend their time out of the scorching heat joking, laughing, and getting ready to launch a multi-million dollar plane into the sky.

This is where the most dangerous ballet instructors in the world reside. It is here, where the yellow shirts dwell, mentally preparing to launch planes as their ship currently sits at the tip of the spear.

This history of the United States Navy was first published in August 2017.

Read the original article on Business Insider

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